581 heritages and monuments damaged in the earthquake
Kathmandu: A total of 137 important cultural and historical heritage buildings and monuments have been completely damaged and 444 monuments and heritage sites suffered partial damage in the earthquakeas stated by the Department of Archaeology, Nepal.
The UNESCO's World Heritage Sites in three cities of Kathmandu valley are totally or partially damaged including most of the heritages of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur Durbar squares.
Most of the world heritage sites and popular tourist attractions, some dating more than 1,700 years , reduced to piles of rubble including Dharahara tower of Kathmandu.
A powerful earthquake hit Nepal on April 25 and May 12 , killing more than 8,600 and demolishing more than half a million homes, most of them in rural areas of the country.
The Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation has come up with an action plan for the protection and reconstruction of heritage sites damaged by the recent devastating April 25 earthquake and its several aftershocks.
At a meeting arranged by the International Relations and Labor Committee of the Parliament to discuss the quake-caused damage to heritage sites of archeological importance and future plans for their refurbishment, Minister for Culture, Tourism and Civil aviation Deepak Chandra Amatya informed thatt the ministry has prepared a three-phase plans, short-term, mid-term and long-term, for the protection of damaged heritage sites.
Most of the temples in the quake hit areas have collapsed. Of 581 heritage sites in the country, 137 were devastated an 444 suffered partial or minor damage in the earthquakes.
Similarly, quake destroyed hundreds of hotels and trails in major trekking routes of the Himalayan country specially in Manaslu , Langtang and Everest region .
According to UNESCO’s preliminary assessment , the monuments and sites within the Kathmandu valley world heritage property, as well as several other cultural and natural heritage sites located in the area, have been heavily affected. In particular, Durbar Squares of Patan, Hanuman Dhoka (Kathmandu) and Bhaktapur are almost fully destroyed.
Nepal’s natural heritage, in particular the World Heritage site of Sagarmatha National Park, including Mount Everest, has also been severely affected by the earthquake. Minimal impact has been found to the World heritage site of Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (1997), and Chitwan National Park (1984).
The cultural heritage of the Kathmandu Valley is composed of seven groups of monuments and buildings representing a broad range of historical and artistic achievements for which the Kathmandu Valley is world famous.
The seven monuments and sites include the Durbar Squares of Hanuman Dhoka (Kathmandu), Patan and Bhaktapur, the Buddhist stupas of Swayambhu and Bauddhanath and the Hindu temples of Pashupati and Changu Narayan.
May 18, 2015
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